Jacob GardnerAbt 1729 - 1812
Name Jacob Gardner Born Abt 1729 , York, SC, USA Gender Male Died 5 Sep 1812 , Barren, KY, USA Person ID I17929 All Family Connections Last Modified 29 Nov 2013
Family Mary, d. Yes, date unknown Children 1. William W. Gardner, b. Abt 1770, , , VA, USA , d. 1846, , Barren, KY, USA 2. John Gardner, b. Abt 1772, d. Yes, date unknown 3. Nancy Ann Gardner, b. Abt 1775, , , VA, USA , d. 9 Nov 1854, , Knox, IL, USA 4. Mary Gardner, b. 12 Aug 1777, d. Sep 1845 Last Modified 2 Nov 2007 Family ID F5598 Group Sheet
- Jacob was fill blood Catawba Indian from York Co., SC
Source: website of Early Anna Gardner
Nopkehe, named King Hagler was killed by Shawnee Warriors about 1760's and there are many legends about this famous Chief of the Catawba. It is the son of King Hagler or the son of Robert Brown(e) who was an man from Northern Ireland during this time, an Indian Trader, who was captured by the Shawnee when he was 15 years old, Later escaped and returned to the Catawba with a Shawnee or Miami wife and several small children. They were shunned by the Catawba because of the decades or longer hatred of the Shawnee, thier enemy.
I have more detail on this part of full Catawba man who had first a Shawnee/?Miami wife and children.
Do any others researching the Catawba have more information re King Haglers son who was captured, or the son of Robert Brown and his Catawba wife? This was about 1755 and the Catawba son with the Shawnee wife returned about 1770 or slightly later. After being shunned by the Catawba for having a Shawnee wife, and possible being half white half Catawba, descendant from Robert Brown, He took another name, and lived in the White Man world, buying property in Sparklingburg area of SC, Rutherford Co NC, and even in the Bristol area of TN/VA, land on a sinking creek. Is listed in 1790 Rutherford Co Morgan District as a white man, named Jacob Gardner, with Sons William and John living near by and with families of thier own.
Associated names are Boydston, who married daughters of Jacob Gardner, Nancy Ann and Mary Gardner, married John and Benjamin Boydstun/Boydston. The removed in the early 1800's to Knox Co Il. There is a lot of research published about the Boydston family. Jacob Gardner and the Boydstun father was paid by the colonial army for services rendered to the army. This was in Bristol area of TN. Boydston was listed as a soldier in the ARW, Gardner was not.
William Gardner, the son listed in the 1790 Rutherford census of NC, (Morgan district later became Henderson Co NC, not far from Buncombe/Asheville NC) Shortly after that census was taken, We find Jacob the Catawba, and son William and his Shawnee wife, living and paying taxes near Lincoln Co Ky. By 1801 they were in Barren/Warren Co KY near Cave City, near the mouth of the Mammoth Cave.
One of William's sons was born in Bell's tavern, a type of hotel and drinking tavern, that is now a state monument, with some of the stone foundation still standing.
William and Father Jacob owned 4 or 5 farms in the area of Glasgow Ky, Barren Co. I have been to 3 of them and located a forth, but the roads are too narrow to travel without a 4 wheel drive. The last William Gardner homestead was located there. He and his last wife Sally Owens. Prior to Sally Owen, he was married to Elenor Pawling, and had several children. They lived on Gardner's Sinking Creek, in Barren Co Ky. this is possible 5 or 7 miles from the later farm.
Jacob Gardner was buried in an Indian Burial ground, in an unknown location in Barren Co.
This information is accumlated from my research on the Catawba, and from a journal article published in a Genealogial Magazine in Barren Co, which tells of Jacob Gardners, capture, escape with wife, and children, return to the Catawba, and being shunned. And some of their life in Barren Co Ky. There was a while man captured by the same Shawnee tribe in the late 1700's and also escaped some time later. Prior to Jacob's death about 1814, the two men, Jacob and the escapee who was much younger, met frequently to discuss the 'Indian Ways'. The man who wrote the letter that was published in the journal, knew Jacob Gardner and his uncle the white man that was captured by the Shawnee, when he was a young man.
William Thomas, a former County Surveror of Barren County descends from William Gardner and wife Sally Owen.
I decend from William Gardner and Elenor Pawling, through thier son, Henry Pawling Gardner, who married Elizabeth Bailey in the early 1840's and in 1842 removed to Miller Co Mo, taking with them a female slave, who later married a slave of the Elias Allen Family. The Allen, Gardner and Spurlock family was some of the founders of the Iberia Baptist church, in Iberia Mo Miller Co. Annis Gardner, daughter of William Gardner and unknown first wife, married Daniel Spurlock and eventually settled in Copper Co Mo, near Booneville, I believe. The Bailey family, ie Elizabeth Ann Betsy Bailey Gardner, was said to be Cherokee. Her father and mother were from Goochland Co VA, Julius C Bailey and Lucinda Anderson Bailey, daughter of Meredith Anderson, and unk wife, also lived in Barren Co Ky and removed with The Gardner, Spurlock, Allen families to Miller Co Missouri. I have excellent documentation of the Gardner family with census and tax records in NC, KY and Miller Co Mo, from 1790.
I am wanting to prove the heritage of the Catawba Indian that married the Shawnee Indian, and when he returned to York Co, change his name to Jacob Gardner.
I have a web page on FTM under my name Early Gardner, and also list Jacob Gardner and includes the letter written and published in Barren Co Genealogical Journal, detailing Jacob Gardners early life with the Catawba, the Shawnee, and living seperated from the Catawba in Ky. it can be found by listing my name, FTM and Jacob Gardner in a google search.
Early Gardner in Miller Co Mo.
Source: Posting by Early Gardner 25 Sep 2006 American Indian Genealogy Forum
- Jacob was fill blood Catawba Indian from York Co., SC